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Sublimation On Slate: The Ultimate Guide

Sublimation printing is one of the most effective ways of getting quality, long-lasting prints on various substrates. It’s relatively cheap, easy to work with, and presents many benefits over traditional printing methods.

However, you can also get used to sublimating on a few substrates and forget there are unique and exotic materials, such as slate, you can print on.

A slate is a hard, metamorphic rock with a fine grain derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock. They are cut into picture frame sizes and treated with a special sublimation coating, making them compatible with the sublimation printing process. But if you don’t know much about sublimation on slate. Don’t worry.

This piece will guide you on everything you need to know about sublimating on slate and how this wonder material can transform your prints. Keep reading to learn more.

What is Slate Sublimation?

Slate is a type of rock composed primarily of clay minerals, such as illite and kaolinite, as well as other minerals, like quartz, mica, and feldspar. It is formed through the metamorphosis of shale or mudstone, fine-grained sedimentary rocks. During the metamorphosis process, the clay minerals in the shale or mudstone are transformed into a new crystalline structure, resulting in a hard, dense rock.

This makes it easy to polish them into smooth, flat surfaces compatible with different applications, including roofing tiles, flooring, writing surfaces, and decorative items. Moreover, slate is typically gray but can also be found in other hues, such as black, green, purple, and red, depending on the mineral content and location of the rock.

Its surface is treated with a special coating to make slate compatible with sublimation printing, allowing the sublimation ink to adhere. Moreover, sublimation slates can be cut into various shapes, sizes, and thicknesses, making them an excellent option for a wide range of applications, such as home decor, business signage, or personalized gifts.

Supplies to Sublimate on Slate

To sublimate on a slate, you will need the following supplies:

  • Sublimation printer: A printer that uses sublimation ink to print designs onto sublimation paper.
  • Sublimation ink: Specialized ink that is formulated to turn into a gas when heated, allowing it to bond with the sublimation coating on the slate.
  • Sublimation paper: Specialized paper with a coating that is receptive to sublimation ink.
  • Heat press: A machine that uses heat and pressure to transfer the sublimation ink from the paper to the slate.
  • Sublimation slate: A slate material specially coated with a sublimation coating, allowing it to receive the sublimation ink.
  • Heat-resistant tape: A tape that can withstand high temperatures and is used to secure the sublimation paper to the slate during the transfer process.
  • Protective gloves: Gloves that protect your hands from burns during the transfer process.
  • Protective sheet: This sheet goes between your heat-press, sublimation paper, and slate to prevent them from sticking to the machine.
  • Heat-resistant mat: A mat that can withstand high temperatures and is used to prevent the transfer paper from sticking to the heat press, as well as protect your work surface during the transfer process.
  • Design software: Software used to create and edit designs for printing.
  • Computer: A computer that can run the design software and connect to the sublimation printer.

How to Sublimate on Slate

Printing on slate using the sublimation method is a relatively straightforward process. Here are the general steps to follow.

1. Choose a Design

Use design software to create or select the design you want to print onto the slate. Make sure the design is sized and positioned correctly for the size and shape of the slate you intend to transfer it to.

2. Print Onto Sublimation Paper

Using a sublimation printer, print the design onto an appropriate sublimation paper. Mirror the image before printing it to ensure it appears correctly on the slate after transfer. Then cut it to fit the slate you’re transferring it to to make aligning it easier.

3. Preheat the Heat Press

Preheat your heat press to the manufacturer’s recommended temperature and time for your sublimation slate. You should also note that this can vary based on the type of slate. Therefore, ensure you confirm what settings to use on yours.

4. Prepare the Slate

Clean the surface of the slate to remove any dust or debris using a lint-free cloth. This will allow the ink to adhere better to the slate’s surface.

5. Place the Sublimation Paper

Secure the sublimation paper face-down onto the slate using heat-resistant tape. Make sure the paper is smooth and free of wrinkles. Then place a protective sheet at the bottom of the heat press, place your slate, another protective sheet, and finally, the heat-resistant mat.

6. Transfer the Design

Close the heat press and apply pressure according to the manufacturer’s instructions. This will transfer the sublimation ink from the paper onto the slate. Carefully remove the paper and tape once the transfer is complete.

7. Cool and Clean the Slate

Allow the slate to cool completely before handling it. Once cool, use a lint-free cloth to wipe off any excess ink or residue.

8. Seal Your Slate

Use a matt finish spray to lock in the print’s brightness and colors and help preserve it for a long time.

Common Issues During Slate Sublimation and Possible Fixes

While sublimating on slate, there are a few common issues you may run into. Here are some of the most common and how to solve them.

1. Uneven Heat Distribution

Uneven heat distribution can result in the uneven transfer of the sublimation ink onto the slate, which can cause the image to appear patchy or faded. To solve this issue, ensure the heat press is properly calibrated, and the slate is placed on the press evenly. You may also need to adjust the pressure and temperature settings to achieve a more even transfer.

2. Ghosting

Ghosting occurs when a faint image of the design appears in the print’s background. This can be caused by the sublimation paper moving during the transfer process or using too much pressure. To solve this issue, secure the sublimation paper onto the slate with heat-resistant tape and use the recommended pressure for your specific slate.

3. Blurry or Distorted Image

A blurry or distorted image can be caused by using a low-resolution image or stretching or shrinking the image to fit the slate. Ensure to use a high-resolution image that is the correct size for the slate. Moreover, avoid stretching or shrinking the image, as this can distort it.

4. Fading or Peeling

Fading or peeling can occur over time due to exposure to sunlight or moisture. Using high-quality sublimation ink and slate materials and avoiding exposing the finished product to prolonged sunlight or moisture will help mitigate this. You can also use a protective coating to help prevent fading and peeling.

5. Overheating

Overheating can cause the slate to crack or warp or the image to appear distorted. Follow the recommended temperature and time settings for the specific slate you’re using to prevent this from happening. Furthermore, avoid leaving the slate on the heat press for too long, and do not exceed the recommended temperature.

Advantages of Slate Sublimation

Sublimation on slate offers several advantages over other printing methods. Here are some of the key advantages:

  • Durability: Sublimation ink is fused into the surface of the slate, which makes it highly resistant to fading, peeling, and scratching. This means that sublimated slates can withstand heavy use and are suitable for indoor and outdoor applications.
  • High-quality printing: Sublimation printing on slate produces high-quality prints with sharp, vibrant colors and high-resolution images, making it ideal for reproducing intricate designs.
  • Customization: Sublimation on slate offers virtually unlimited customization options. You can create a wide range of designs, from simple logos to complex patterns and even personalized photographs. This makes it a great option for creating unique, one-of-a-kind gifts or promotional items.
  • Versatility: Sublimation on slate can be used for various applications, from personalized home decor to corporate gifts and promotional items. Moreover, slate can be cut into various shapes and sizes to accommodate different designs and uses.
  • Cost-effective: Sublimation on slate is cost-effective, especially if you’re printing small to medium-sized batches. It eliminates the need for expensive set-up costs and allows for quick and easy printing of customized designs.

Disadvantages of Slate Sublimation

While sublimation on slate offers many advantages, there are also a few potential disadvantages you should consider. Here are some of the main drawbacks:

  • Limited color options: Sublimation on slate is limited to printing in light colors, as darker colors don’t show up well. This means slate sublimation is not suitable for printing dark or black designs, which may contradict what you were going for.
  • Limited material options: While slate is a durable and versatile material, it may not be suitable for all types of applications. It can be heavy and may not be the best option for items that need to be lightweight or flexible.
  • Initial cost: The initial cost of purchasing sublimation equipment and materials can be high. There may be better options for individuals or businesses requiring only a small number of prints.
  • Limited printing area: The size of the printing area on slate is limited by the size of the slate itself. This means larger designs or images may not be suitable for printing on smaller slates, and vice versa.
  • Special handling: Sublimated slates require special handling and care to maintain their durability and longevity. They should not be exposed to prolonged sunlight or moisture and should be cleaned and stored carefully to prevent damage.


Sublimation printing has grown in popularity over the years, and for good reason. It’s a relatively easy and efficient solution to printing on various surfaces and materials while producing high-quality prints. This has made it versatile and allowed creators, both for personal and business applications, to experiment with different substrates such as slate.

On the other hand, despite a few drawbacks, slate sublimation is a versatile, durable, and customizable option that’s quickly catching on. We hope this guide helps you start with slate sublimation and that you go on to print unique and appealing prints on your slates.


What types of slates are suitable for sublimation?

Any slate can be used for sublimation, but it’s important to choose a slate with a smooth, flat surface. Rough or uneven surfaces can make it difficult to produce high-quality prints.

Do I need special software to create designs for sublimation on slate?

You don’t need to use special software to create designs. You can download images from the web or use pictures from your phone or camera. However, many sublimation printers come with software you can use to create specific designs if need be.

Can I use any type of printer for sublimation on slate?

No, you will need a special sublimation printer that uses sublimation ink. Regular inkjet printers will not work for sublimation printing.

How do I transfer the design onto the slate?

The design is transferred onto the slate using a heat press. The slate is placed face down onto the design, and the heat press applies heat and pressure to transfer the ink into the surface of the slate.

How should I care for sublimated slates?

Sublimated slates should be cleaned and stored carefully to prevent damage. Avoid exposure to prolonged sunlight or moisture, and handle the slates carefully to prevent scratches or chips.

Can sublimated slates be used outdoors?

Yes, sublimated slates are highly resistant to fading, peeling, and scratching, making them suitable for outdoor use. However, it’s important to avoid exposing them to prolonged sunlight or moisture.

Can I sublimate on other materials besides slate?

You can use sublimation on a wide range of materials, including ceramic, metal, and polyester fabrics.

Can I sublimate on both sides of the slate?

You can sublimate on both sides of the slate, but it’s important to ensure the design on one side does not bleed through to the other.

Can I sublimate on irregularly shaped slates?

You can sublimate on irregularly shaped slates, but you have to ensure the printing area is flat and smooth for a high-quality print.